The Charter of the NationStates Commonwealth defines the Commonwealth and how it operates.
Article I – Bill of Rights
Section 1 – Commonwealth Member Regions and Nations shall be granted and maintain power equivalent to all other Member Regions and Nations and shall maintain the inheritable right of Innate Sovereignty over the Internal and Foreign Affairs of their respective region or nation, other than those they mandate to the Commonwealth as signatory to this Charter, and the sovereign right of independent governance.
Section 2 – The Commonwealth shall grant for the autonomous use of Member Regions a forum for which each region may maintain their Sovereignty and Internal Affairs.
Section 3 – It shall not be within the power of the Commonwealth or any Member to inhibit the departure of any region or nation for any reason.
Article 2 – The Head of the Commonwealth
Section 1 – The Head of the Commonwealth is Chief Executive, Chief Legislator, Chief Justice, Chief Priest and Commander-in-Chief.
Section 2 – The Head of the Commonwealth may be removed in three ways:
- The Patrician of the most prestigious Commonwealth House may challenge the Head of the Commonwealth for the position, triggering an election lasting seven days in which the candidate with the most votes wins. Should the election end in a tie, the challenge is dismissed. There may be no more than one challenge in any two month period and the same person may not issue a challenge in any six month period.
- The Tribune may initiate proceedings to impeach the Head of the Commonwealth, triggering a five day discussion in the Senate of the Commonwealth, to be followed by a seven day vote in both houses of the Senate. Should both Houses vote to impeach the Head of the Commonwealth with a two-thirds majority, the impeachment succeeds and the Prefect will assume the position of Head of the Commonwealth
- If the Head of the Commonwealth Resigns or the position is otherwise left vacant, in which case the Prefect will assume the role of Head of the Commonwealth.
Section 3 – The Head of the Commonwealth will either grant assent to or veto Statutes of the Commonwealth Senate. Should the Head veto a Statute, the Senate may call a special vote within five days to reject the veto. The vote shall last five days and must be approved by a two-thirds majority in both houses of the Senate in order to reject the veto. Should the veto be rejected, the Head of the Commonwealth may either grant assent to the Statute or may re-veto the Statute, in which case he must resign within seven days of the veto.
Section 4 – In the absence or inactivity of the Head of the Commonwealth, the Prefect will act in his stead.
Article III – The Commonwealth Senate
Section 1 – The Houses of Senate
- The Council of Regions shall consist of up to two representatives from each member region. The council will be chaired and facilitated by the Consul elected by the Council.
- The Assembly of Nations shall consist of one representative from each member nation. The Assembly will be chaired and facilitated by the Consul elected by the Assembly.
Section 2 – Roles and Duties of the Houses
- The Senate shall share a general assembly hall for discussion on proposed Statutes.
- The Assembly of Nations has the authority pass non-binding Statutes detailing proposed legislation.
- The Council of Regions shall have the authority to debate, amend and vote upon any Statute passed by the Assembly of Nations, advise and consent to acts of war, appointment of cabinet-level positions, establish treaties and laws governing the Senate.
- The Council of Regions shall have a separate Council Hall to discuss all matters of the Council and to vote.
- Any Statute that failed to pass or was amended by the Council shall be returned to the Assembly for debate and discussion.
- The Senate will be chaired and facilitated by the Consuls.
Section 3 – Votes
- Each member of The Assembly of Nations when entitled to vote shall be granted a single vote. All votes with the exception of elections shall be private and declared as Aye, Nay or Abstain.
- Each member of The Council when entitled to vote shall be granted a single vote. All votes with the exception of elections shall be public and declared as Aye, Nay or Abstain.
- Statutes may be proposed by any Councilor. All proposed Statutes shall be presented before the Council for debate and voting.
- All legislation and codes shall enter into law upon being signed by the Head of the Commonwealth.
- All statutes must achieve a simple majority to pass.
Section 4 – Bureaus
- Bureaus may be created by the Head of the Commonwealth via a Code outlining the authority and responsibilities of said Bureaus.
- The Senate may create a Bureau through a code outlining the authority and responsibilities of said Bureau via a simple majority vote in both the Assembly and the Council.
- The Head of the Commonwealth or a such charged delegate may appoint a Director for each Bureau.
Section 5 – Amendments and Repeals of Statutes
- Amendments and Repeals to standing Statutes shall be proposed through a new Statute.
- A Statute may be Amended or repealed by a simple majority vote of the Council.
Article IV – Consuls
Section 1 – The two Consuls assist the Head of the Commonwealth in heading the Commonwealth government, engaging in foreign affairs with other regions and organisations, enforcing the regulations of this Charter and it’s subsidiary legislation and communicating between the Commonwealth government and the Member Regions and Nations.
Section 2 – One Consul shall be elected, in an election called and facilitated by the Commonwealth Prefect for a four month term in October, February and June by the Assembly of Nations. The candidate that receives 50% + 1 vote will be elected Consul. In the event that no candidate receives enough votes to be elected, the top two candidates shall face a runoff with the winner attaining the majority of the votes cast. This Consul shall chair and facilitate the Assembly of Nations.
Section 3 – The second Consul shall be elected, in an election called and facilitated by the Commonwealth Prefect, for a four month term in December, April and August by the Council of Regions. The candidate that receives 50% + 1 vote will be elected Consul. In the event that no candidate receives enough votes to be elected, the top two candidates shall face a runoff with the winner attaining the majority of the votes cast. This Consul shall chair and facilitate the Council of Regions.
Section 4 – A Consul may not serve as Councillor or in any other cabinet position.
Section 5 – The Head of the Commonwealth may dismiss a Consul, triggering an interim election to select a new Consul.
Article V – The Commonwealth Tribune
Section 1 – The Commonwealth Tribune shall be appointed from the Members of the Council of Regions by the Head of the Commonwealth for a period of three months. The Tribune may not serve in any other cabinet position or as councillor.
Section 2 – The Commonwealth Tribune shall have the duty to define this Charter and other Commonwealth legislation and to hear legal cases.
Section 3 – The Commonwealth Tribune may, in the case of criminal trials, sentence offenders to punitive measures as by law, precedent or by common fairness.
Section 4 – The Commonwealth Tribune will advise the Head of the Commonwealth on legal matters and on security issues.
Article VI – Forum Administration and the Commonwealth Prefect
Section 1 – There shall exist a Team of Administrators and Global Moderators which shall manage the Commonwealth Forum and other offsite resources (resources not on NationStates).
Section 2 – Administrators will be nominated by the Admin Team. Nominations must be confirmed by the assembly of Nations with a two-thirds majority in favour
Section 3 – Administrators and Global Moderators shall be appointed and dismissed by the Admin Team.
Section 4 – Service as a Forum Administrator or Global Moderator shall not preclude an individual from holding any position within the government of the Commonwealth.
Section 5 – A Commonwealth Prefect will supervise and direct the Admin Team. The Prefect will be appointed by the Head of the Commonwealth.
Section 6 – The Commonwealth Prefect will liaise with the Head of the Commonwealth for the effective management of the forums and other offsite resources.
Article VII: Cabinet
Section 1 – The Cabinet shall consist of the Consuls, the Commonwealth Tribune, the Prefect, all Bureau Directors and any other positions invited by the Head of the Commonwealth. The Cabinet exists to discuss matters of government and to co-ordinate the Bureaus of the Commonwealth.
Article VIII – The Commonwealth Houses
Section 1 – The Head of each House of the Commonwealth has the title of Patrician.
Section 2 – In order to become Patrician of a House, the candidate must have served a full term as Consul.
Section 3 – The Patricians shall form a Patriciate for inter-house relations and for the publishing and managing of the Commonwealth House system and rules.
Section 4 – The Patriciate will select a non-patrician to facilitate the body, to resolve disputes between it’s members and to organise the system of the Commonwealth Houses.
Article IX – Foreign Affairs
Section 1 – The Commonwealth has no power over treaties made by individual Members, except when it violates this Document.
Section 3 – The Commonwealth Consuls must present any proposed treaties to the Council of Regions and the Assembly of Nations where they can propose any amendments to said treaty.
Section 4 – Treaties may be signed by the Head of the Commonwealth with the approval a simple majority vote by the Council of Regions and the Assembly of Nations.
Section 5 – The Commonwealth may maintain Consulates with regions and other super-regional and international organisations.
Article X – Membership
Section 1 – Any region that exists in Nationstates may become a Member Region of the Commonwealth.
Section 2 – Any nation that exists in NationStates may join the Commonwealth by informing the Commonwealth Consuls.
Section 3 – The Council of Regions may expel a Member Region from the Commonwealth with a two-thirds majority vote held no less than two weeks following the Member Region in questioned being notified by the Commonwealth Consuls of the motion to expel them.
Section 4 – The Commonwealth Consuls may expel a Member Nation from the Commonwealth on the advice of the Commonwealth Prefect. The expelled Member may appeal the expulsion by lodging a petition with the Commonwealth Tribune, whom shall hear the case and make a final verdict.
Section 5 – The Assembly of Nations may expel a Member Nation from the Commonwealth with a two-thirds majority vote.
Article XI – Amendments
Section 1 – A Charter Convention may be called by a simple majority of the Assembly of Nations and the Council of Regions. There shall be a minimum of 6 month waiting period between each called Convention. The length of the Convention shall be determined by the resolution passed by the legislature.
Section 2 – Any member nation at the start of the Convention may propose Charter Amendments which shall be discussed and voted upon. Proposals need to obtain a two-thirds majority to be accepted.
Section 3 – Accepted proposals shall be written into a Charter Convention Draft which shall be reviewed by the Head of the Commonwealth for approval and by the Commonwealth Justice for scrutiny of errors or incompatibilities. Once both the Head of the Commonwealth and the Commonwealth Justice have approved the draft it shall be considered the newly amended Charter of the NationStates Commonwealth.
Section 4 – Interim Amendments may be made by the Council of Regions, requiring a super-majority of two-thirds of votes cast and the approval of the Head of the Commonwealth.